Facebook has many adversarial groups speaking against the Catholic Church. One individual, in one of these groups, puts forth this historical question.
I would ask our Romanist visitors to name, please, a single bishop at the Council of Nicaea who believed as the Pope believes on each of these topics: Marian dogmas (Perpetual Virginity, ...Immaculate Conception, Bodily Assumption), Papal Authority (infallibility), Purgatory, transubstantiation?
What he doesn’t seem to realize is that in asking this question this way, he is unwittingly testifying to the fact that the Catholic Church is the Church of history. Notice that he is not talking about Evangelical Baptists meeting in a Protestant council. He is talking about a Catholic Council with Catholic Bishops. I am sure that he was not aware that he was implicitly testifying to the fact that the historical Church that Jesus founded was in fact Catholic.
As far as the topics he mentions, they were not dealt with at Nicaea. They were dealing with the nature of God, the Arian heresy, the day we celebrate Easter and other related topics. I also asked him a question using some of his same language.
I would ask our Evangelical visitors to name please, a single Baptist minister at the council of Nicaea who believed in such topics such as faith alone, Bible alone or grace alone?
He had no answer because these topics were not discussed and the attendees were not Baptist ministers, but Catholic bishops. Neither were any of these topics discussed in the first Church Council in Jerusalem mentioned in Acts 15. They were dealing with works of the Law and whether it was necessary to be circumcised in order to be saved. But we believe that we shall be saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, just as they will (Acts 15:11). This again is why, when I studied the Church through its adversaries, I became even more Catholic.
They could criticize my Catholic Church and historical Church councils, because they existed. However, I could neither critisize their churches or councils because they did not exist.
And so the various non-Catholic and Evangelical churches could not have been the Church of history. They have a real problem when they talk about the Church between Biblical times and the time of Martin Luther. How do you talk about the Church without using the word Catholic? He apparently didn’t like the fact that I pointed this out and so his response was to kick me out of the group.
“To be deep in History is to cease to be Protestant” Cardinal John Henry Newman